Also, just FYI, the docs you used are the old docs, the new ones are at docs.nodebb.org
You can open an issue at github.com/nodebb/docs if you wish for a change to be made
I wrote a plugin for OpenLDAP.
It overrides the default login and falls back to local login if the user is not found in LDAP.
It also creates all groups found in LDAP and automatically joins the user into them.
Using it as an alternative login is not implemented as I couldn't figure it out quick enough. It should be easy to do - feel free to add a pull request.
The source is on github. Pull requests are welcome!